Country Data Sets for Pacific Biodiversity Information
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Population: 487,237 (SPC 2006)
Land Area: 27,540 sq km
No. of Islands: 7 main islands, ~30 small islands, many islets.
Lat/Long: 8′S, 159′E
Terrain: Most islands are mountainous, though there are a few low coral atolls.
Climate: tropical climate with monsoonal rainy seasons
Common Flora: With over 4500 known species, a great diversity of flora–including endemic orchids–are found in the rainforests of the Solomon Islands.
Common Fauna: A great variety of birds, and some mammals, such as the fruit bat and the dugong, are found on the Solomon Islands. Many human introduced species, e.g. dogs, cats, rats, are also found throughout the islands.